Saturday, January 14, 2012

Telescopes of the World


Telescopes of the World
Large telescopes are found all over the world. Most large telescopes are based on high mountaintops, where Earth's atmosphere is thinner and does not interfere as much with light from distant stars.
Telescope Name
Aperture
(m)
Year of Startup
Observatory

Large Binocular Telescope
equivalent to 11.8 m (uses two 8.4-m primary mirrors)
2007
Mount Graham International Observatory (Mount Graham, Arizona, United States)
Gran Telescopio Canarias
10.4
2006
Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain)
Southern African Large Telescope (SALT)
~10.0
2005
South African Astronomical Observatory (Sutherland, South Africa)
Keck I
10.0
1993
W.M. Keck Observatory (Mauna Kea, Hawaii, United States)
Keck II
10.0
1996
W.M. Keck Observatory (Mauna Kea, Hawaii, United States)
Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET)
9.2
1999
McDonald Observatory (Mt. Fowlkes, Texas, United States)
Subaru Telescope
8.2
1999
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (Mauna Kea, Hawaii, United States)
Antu1
8.2
1998
Very Large Telescope array (VLT) (Cerro Paranal, Chile)
Kueyen1
8.2
1999
Very Large Telescope array (VLT) (Cerro Paranal, Chile)
Melipal1
8.2
2000
Very Large Telescope array (VLT) (Cerro Paranal, Chile)
Yepun1
8.2
2000
Very Large Telescope array (VLT) (Cerro Paranal, Chile)
Frederick C. Gillett/Gemini North
8.1
2000
Gemini Observatory (Mauna Kea, Hawaii, United States)
Gemini South
8.1
2001
Gemini Observatory (Cerra Pachon, Chile)
Multiple Mirror Telescope (MMT)
6.5
2000
Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory (Mount Hopkins, Arizona, United States)
Walter Baade/Magellan I
6.5
2000
Las Campanas Observatory (La Serena, Chile)
Landon Clay/Magellan II
6.5
2002
Las Campanas Observatory (La Serena, Chile)
Bolshoi Teleskop Azimutalnyi (Bolshoi Azimuthal Telescope)
6.0
1975
Special Astrophysical Observatory (Nizhnij Arkhyz, Russia)
Large Zenith Telescope (LZT)
6.0
2004
University of British Columbia (UBC) Liquid-Mirror Observatory (British Columbia, Canada)
Hale Telescope
5.1
1948
Palomar Observatory (Palomar Mountain, California, United States)
1Each of these telescopes can be used separately or as part of the Very Large Telescope array.


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