Wednesday, September 30, 2009

1930. First patent of motor of turbine of gas.

1930. First patent of motor of turbine of gas. 


A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a rotary engine that extracts energy from a flow of combustion gas. It has an upstream compressor coupled to a downstream turbine, and a combustion chamber in-between. (Gas turbine may also refer to just the turbine element.)
Energy is added to the gas stream in the combustor, where air is mixed with fuel and ignited. Combustion increases the temperature, velocity and volume of the gas flow. This is directed through a nozzle over the turbine's blades, spinning the turbine and powering the compressor.
Energy is extracted in the form of shaft power, compressed air and thrust, in any combination, and used to power aircraft, trains, ships, generators, and even tanks.


In the course of the year of 1930, the British official Frank Whittle, belonging to the air force, patents the first design of a motor of turbine of gas that would give origins to the reaction airplanes. 
Frank Whittle (1/06/1907-9/08/1996) it was an engineer aeronautical and military Briton of the Royal Air I Forced. beside the German Hans Von Ohain, investigates in a separate way, the invention of the motor to reaction. 
  
He was born in Coventry, United Kingdom, their father worked at the same time of foreman in a factory of tools and era a skilled and inventive mechanic. 
 
In 1916 the family moved to Royal Leamington Spa, where its father had bought a shop with some lathes and other tools and a motor of cylinders of gas. This was their first contact and its with the motors and machineries. 
 
It didn't continue a lot of time in the school due to the economic difficulties of their family. In 1923 it enters in a school of apprentices of the RAF, where it is able to get the attention of some of their officials, for the quality of the scale models of airplanes that built as well as their good qualities for the mathematics. For their professors' recommendation it was proposed for the school of official of the RAF, where it entered in 1926, graduating in 1928 to the 21 year-old age. 
In the development of their graduation thesis, he/she edited a work on the future evolution in the design of airships, in particular of flight to great height and speeds of more than 800 km/h, showing that this was impossible to reach with the helix airplanes, in their place proposed what today is known as Termorreactor. 
 
In 1929 it had developed the concept of a turbojet that he/she sent to the Ministry of the Air for if it could be interesting, but they answered him that their designs were impracticable. 
In 1930 when not being interested the RAF requests its first patent. During those years it enlarges their studies in the own RAF and in the University of Cambridge. In 1936, next to two exmiembros of the RAF it founds a denominated company Power Jet with the spirit of developing their motor. With the support of a financial entity, the works began in an experimental way in a factory located in the city of Rugby belonging to the company BTH (British Thomson Houston). With the beginning of the Second World War, the project received the British government's bigger support, after many difficulties the first flight worked by the motor of Whittle was carried out in 1941, in an it hunts experimental British. In 1942 he/she is a correspondent to United States to help to the project in this country. Toward the end of the war hunts were used with turbojets in military operations in Great Britain against Germany. 
 
In April of 1944 Power Jets it was nationalized becoming the National Gas Turbine Establishment, few years later in 1948 Whittle he/she retired of the RAF for reasons of health and the British government in recompense to their contributions it granted him a bonus of 100.000 pounds and gentleman named him. 
 
In 1976 he/she settled down in the United States, where Columbia died in the city, state of Maryland in the year 1996. 

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